If you’re the parent or caregiver of a child with autism, you know that each day can bring new challenges. One common challenge that individuals with autism face is difficulty with communication.
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A common challenge for individuals with autism is social interaction. Many people with autism have difficulty understanding and responding to social cues, and they may not know how to start or maintain a conversation. This can make it hard for them to make friends and connect with others.
Some people with autism also have sensory processing disorder, which means they are sensitive to certain sounds, textures, or lights. This can make everyday experiences like going to the store or eating at a restaurant overwhelming.
People with autism may also have difficulty with change, routine, and expectations. For example, they might become extremely upset if their daily routine is changed or if they are asked to do something that is outside of their comfort zone.
What is autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction, developmental language and communication skills, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. The symptoms are typically evident before a child is three years old. Autism spectrum disorder affects boys four times more frequently than girls. There is no known single cause for ASD, but research suggests that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function.
What are the common challenges faced by individuals with autism?
There are a number of challenges that are commonly faced by individuals with autism. One of the most significant challenges is difficulty in communication. This can make it difficult for individuals with autism to express their needs and wants, and to interact with others.
Another common challenge is sensory processing disorder. This means that individuals with autism can find it difficult to process and respond to information from their senses, which can lead to challenges with daily activities such as eating and sleeping.
Other common challenges include difficulties with social interactions, repetitive behaviors, and anxiety.
How can these challenges be overcome?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental delays in communication and behavior. Individuals with ASD often have difficulty with social interactions, trouble understanding and responding to emotions, difficulty communicating, and repetitive behaviors. These challenges can be mild, moderate, or severe.
While every individual with autism is unique and will therefore face different challenges, there are some common difficulties that many people on the spectrum share. Social interaction and communication difficulties are perhaps the most well-known autistic traits, but others include difficulty with change, sensory processing issues, and repetitive behaviors. While these challenges can be difficult to manage, they can be overcome with the help of specialized therapies and interventions. With patience, understanding, and support, people with autism can lead happy and fulfilling lives.
Janice is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She graduated from the University of British Columbia with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and Special Education. She also holds a Master of Science in Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) from Queen’s University, Belfast. She has worked with and case managed children and youth with autism and other intellectual and/or developmental disabilities in home and residential setting since 2013.