What Causes The Autism Spectrum Disorders Quizlet?

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The Autism Spectrum Disorders Quizlet is a tool that allows you to assess your risk for developing ASD.

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The Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by social and communication deficits, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. ASD can cause significant impairments in social, occupational, and other areas of functioning. The severity of ASD symptoms can vary greatly from person to person.

There is no single known cause of ASD. However, research suggests that ASD is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Studies of people with ASD have found differences in certain brain structures and brain activity compared to people without ASD. These differences may be present from birth or may develop over time.

There is no currently available cure for ASD, but there are treatments that can help improve symptoms and quality of life. Early diagnosis and intervention is important for children with ASD, as early treatment can lead to better outcomes.

What is Autism?

Autism is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects a person’s social skills, communication, and ability to interact with the world around them. People With Autism often have difficulty understanding or responding to social cues, and can be perceived as lacking empathy. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of related conditions that share many of these same characteristics. ASD includes a range of conditions, from mild to severe, that can impact a person’s ability to function in everyday life.

What Causes Autism?

The exact cause of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is unknown, but research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors may play a role in the development of these conditions. Some studies have indicated that certain prenatal exposures (such as maternal infection or exposure to certain chemicals) may increase the risk for ASD, while other studies have found that ASD may be more likely to develop in children who have a family history of the disorder.

The Autism Spectrum

The autism spectrum, also called Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or simply autism, is a range of mental disorders characterized by problems with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behaviors.

There are three main types of Autism spectrum disorder
-Asperger syndrome: This is the mildest and most common form of ASD. People with Asperger syndrome have difficulty with social interaction and communication, but their repetitive behaviors are usually not as severe as those seen in other forms of ASD.
-Autistic disorder (also called classic autism): This is the most severe form of ASD. People with autistic disorder have problems with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. They may also have intellectual disability.
-Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): This is a milder form of ASD. People with PDD-NOS have difficulty with social interaction and communication, but their repetitive behaviors are usually not as severe as those seen in other forms of ASD.

Autism Symptoms

The symptoms of autism can be broadly divided into two categories: challenges with social interaction and communication, and repetitive behaviors or interests. However, the symptoms can vary greatly from one individual to another.

Some people with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have very mild symptoms, while others may have severe symptoms. There is no single “autism test”; instead, diagnosis is based on an evaluation by a trained professional, such as a developmental pediatrician, clinical psychologist, or psychiatrist.

Some of the signs and symptoms of ASD include:

-Delayed development of spoken language (may use gestures instead)
-Language that is unusual in content or structure
-Difficulty with back-and-forth conversations
-Avoidance of eye contact or poor eye contact
-Persistent preference for solitude
-Repeating words or phrases verbatim (echolalia)
-Repeating the same behavior over and over again (repetitive behaviors)
– Restricted interests in toys, games, or other objects
-Fixated interest in a single object or subject
-Inflexible thinking and extremely resistant to changes in routine

Some children with ASD also have:

-Intellectual disability
-Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Diagnosing Autism

There is no single medical, physical, or genetic test for diagnosing autism. Doctors look at the child’s developmental history and behavior to make a diagnosis. Autism spectrum disorders can sometimes be spotted during regular well-child checkups. The earlier autism is diagnosed and treated, the better.

Some tips for spotting early signs of autism:
-Not responding to his or her name by 12 months
-Not pointing at objects to show interest (pointing at an airplane overhead) by 14 months
-Not babbling by 12 months
-Not making gestures (wave bye-bye) by 12 months
-Not saying single words by 16 months
-Losing previously acquired language or social skills at any age

Treating Autism

Autism is a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts.

Living with Autism

There are many different autism spectrum disorders, each with its own symptoms and severity. However, all ASD’s have one thing in common: they affect a person’s ability to interact with others and communicate effectively.

There is no known cause of ASD, but there are risk factors that may increase a person’s chances of developing the condition. These include genetic factors, family history, and certain environmental exposures.

ASD can be difficult to diagnose, but there are a number of screening tools that can help. If you suspect that you or your child may have ASD, please talk to your doctor.

Autism Resources

ASD is a complex neurobehavioral disorder that affects a person’s ability to communicate, interact with others, and have appropriate social and emotional responses. Though the cause of ASD is unknown, research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors play a role.

There are many resources available for people with ASD and their families. Here are some organizations that can provide information and support:

-Autism Society of America: The Autism Society of America (ASA) is the leading voice and resource of the autism community in education, advocacy, services, research, and support.
-National Autism Association: The National Autism Association (NAA) is dedicated to supporting individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their families through networks of local chapters, telephone helplines, website resources, educational trainings, printed materials, advocacy efforts, community outreach programs, recreational events, partnerships with local service providers, emergency financial assistance for crisis situations.
Autism Speaks Autism Speaks is dedicated to promoting solutions across the spectrum and throughout the lifespan for the needs of individuals with autism and their families through advocacy and support; increasing understanding and acceptance of people with autism through education; accelerating research into causes and better interventions for autism spectrum disorder And giving hope to all who deal with the hardships associated with this complex disorder.


ASD can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, exposure to toxins, and infection during pregnancy. There is no one cause of ASD, and the disorder is likely caused by a combination of these factors.