As academic success is very important not only for college/university students, but also for life in general. Many people on the spectrum have unique challenges that can make it difficult to succeed academically. This guide will help you understand how your child may be different from their peers and what they need to do differently so that they are successful at school (or anything else).
“Google Scholar” is a great tool for students who are on the spectrum. It allows you to search for academic articles that have been published by other academics.
Autism affects children’s ability to communicate and express themselves. They may exhibit repeated habits, compulsive interests that are restricted, and other issues. They may be disregarded or penalized merely because of how their thoughts are constructed if they are not properly identified.
Children with autism benefit greatly from early intervention. Treatments such as applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment may help kids acquire the skills they need to succeed in school.
Teachers, parents, guardians, school officials, and professors all play important roles in assisting individuals with autism in their academic pursuits. More schools are providing assistance for kids on the autistic spectrum, from kindergarten to university, although specialist treatment is also necessary.
From Kindergarten to High School, Understanding Young Autistic Students
Autism is a neurological condition that affects behavior, communication, and learning. Children as young as two years old may be accurately diagnosed with this illness. The processing, socialization, and other functions of a toddler begin to vary from those of neurotypical newborns.
Many individuals, however, do not obtain an autism diagnosis until they are teenagers or adults. This implies kids may face difficulties at school without receiving the assistance they need.
After collecting data from 2005 to 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a comprehensive study on the mental health of children aged 3 to 17 in the United States. Millions of youngsters in the United States suffer from autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, depression, and a variety of other disorders, according to the research. As a kid struggles to fit in with their friends, learn in school, and get the support and attention they need, having a developmental disability like autism increases the risk of developing depression and anxiety.
According to the Mental Health Surveillance Among Children study, 1.1 percent of children aged 3 to 17 were diagnosed with autism. Children aged 6 to 11 years old were the most typically affected.
Three areas are the most affected for grade-school pupils with autism.
1. Mental health: Children with autism are four to six times more likely than neurotypical children to have mental health issues such as sadness and anxiety. Internalized or externalized disorders are the two types of co-occurring mental health issues.
Internalized mental difficulties might manifest themselves in the following ways:
- Complaints about physical discomfort.
- Stomach upset, digestive disorders, or food-related concerns.
- Other health-related concerns
- Irritability and sadness.
- Fear of certain items or persons (phobias) (social anxiety).
Externalized emotional distress manifests as bad actions such as:
- Lashing out and verbal outbursts
- Kicking and striking are examples of physical outbursts.
- Other people’s aggression.
- Refusing to finish duties
2. Social life: According to a 2010 psychological research, students in all grade levels, from elementary to high school, did not reciprocate friendships with autistic children as much as they did with neurotypical children. Children with ASD were not more likely to be rejected by their neurotypical classmates, but they had less reciprocal connections, according to the research.
Across all grades, they were more often on the edge of social groups in their classes. The tendency was especially noticeable in the higher years of elementary school.
Because 48.1 percent of children with autism are participating in social networks, this problem may not be readily obvious to teachers or school authorities. However, this connection is generally just superficial.
3. Academics, learning, and studying: Research shows that individuals with autism generally have poor learning results if they do not get the appropriate help. Changes in the environment that assist these children may have a significant impact on their social, educational, independent living, and job success.
While most studies on student achievement have focused on positive behaviors, enhanced emotional stability, and a better social life, some studies have looked at autistic kids’ academic performance.
A meta-analysis looked at data from 19 trials with a total of slightly over 65 people. The children’ ages spanned from 5 to 16, with several research focused on students in upper elementary school, around the age of 10. Students with much lower IQs as well as those with above-average IQs, as well as a variety of linguistic talents, were included in the experiments.
According to the meta-study, structure and regularity surrounding the learning process helped children with autism perform better in general. According to the poll, all kids with autism have a wide variety of talents and demands, thus there can’t be a single suggested path for increasing academic achievements.
Working with professionals such as ABA therapists, on the other hand, might assist school administrators and instructors in developing study programs and institutional supports for individual kids with autism. There was no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution.
Providing Autistic Students with Support at School
Teachers may work with autistic pupils to help them engage in greater social interactions with their classmates. Supporting kids who have certain abilities and interests that align with sports, clubs, or other popular activities that other students participate in is one method to achieve this.
It’s beneficial to have a clear strategy for each task and learning objective when it comes to academics. It’s also essential to explain courses in simple terms so that each stage is obvious.
Many autistic children study at or beyond their IQ levels, or they grow intellectually more than they should. Finding strategies to promote this accomplishment in the classroom may also help autistic students and their classmates change behaviors that could otherwise be detrimental to learning. Regularly screening for learning challenges — via a school counselor, an ABA therapist, or the child’s doctor — may aid in identifying concerns and obtaining the necessary assistance to address them.
Here are some suggestions for assisting autistic kids in achieving academic and social success:
- Make use of concrete words and images. Students with autism may better comprehend the relationship between the example and metaphorical or abstract language used in textbooks or by their classmates when straightforward explanations are combined with visual aids. Exposition may be unpleasant for students with autism, and complex symbols might be perplexing. As a consequence, individuals may struggle to comprehend how to accomplish certain sorts of projects. It might be beneficial to break these topics down into plain examples and use simple language.
- Provide just a few options. Students with autism are often overwhelmed by a large number of options or options that do not have a clear proper answer. Decisions with a lot of intricacy or subjective worth might seem hopeless. This applies to both academic work and everyday settings such as interacting with friends. For example, rather of asking the kid what they want for lunch, give them two alternatives, such as a sandwich or a piece of pizza.
- Provide constructive criticism or comments in a compassionate manner. Your voice’s pitch and tone may have a significant influence on someone with autism. Use a soothing and kind tone of voice while giving feedback on school tasks or encouraging people to socialize. Increased loudness, agitation, or worry might obscure what you’re saying and produce a negative reaction from the pupil.
- Resolve sensory problems. Sensory overload affects many persons with autism, from the faint hum of a lamp to the din of peers playing. Identifying and resolving these sensory difficulties as effectively and favorably as possible might assist with behavioral issues and academic performance.
Autistic kids may learn and thrive in a supportive, pleasant learning environment. Working outside of the classroom will also assist the learner in developing key abilities.
Children with autism may benefit from ABA treatment to learn to control their responses, develop their verbal abilities, and improve their motor skills. ABA therapists and technicians may also provide guidance to schools, teachers, administrators, and parents on how to help the kid learn and socialize in the most positive setting possible.
Autism among College Students
More colleges, universities, and trade schools are providing services to entering students with autism, who frequently have a variety of social, structural, and sensory requirements, via their health or academic achievement departments.
All students may find it difficult to transition to the college atmosphere, which has a different daily schedule and demands more independence. Students with autism may have a hard time developing their own daily pattern, adapting to new situations, and interacting with their classmates in novel ways.
Often, Autism among College Students report higher rates of anxiety and depression, with loneliness being one of the key indicators. Many autistic students drop out of college before completing their degrees, even when they display high levels of academic achievement.
According to a poll, three-quarters of autistic students had a lifelong history of suicide conduct, showing that the group was more vulnerable to co-occurring mental health disorders before attending college. With these increased dangers in mind, institutions should integrate support mechanisms for autistic students so that they may successfully navigate this new educational and social environment.
When a department or office dedicates resources to students with autism, it creates a welcoming atmosphere in which they may seek help without feeling self-conscious. Some students may feel compelled to tell their friends, roommates, and instructors that they have autism, but many students, particularly strangers, choose not to do so. This setting provides a secure atmosphere in which autistic kids may get individualized instruction.
These offices may also assist academics and administrators who desire to provide further assistance to students with autism. As staff members have a greater understanding of autism and its many manifestations, they will be able to better serve their pupils.
There are several strategies to effectively serve kids with autism in a college setting. Instructors may do the following:
- Allow for mobility breaks throughout the lesson.
- Reduce the number of distractions in the room, particularly during examinations such as midterms and finals.
- Allow extra time to finish some examinations.
- If a student mistakenly monopolizes time, attention, or space, use unambiguous words, particularly during class.
- Don’t be scared to enforce class rules if you don’t want to insult a kid.
- Write down all of the course requirements, including deadlines and directions.
- Changes to the curriculum timetable should be communicated in advance, in writing.
- If idioms or sarcasm are used in a class, go through what was stated in simple English.
Instructors may give autistic students a clear command, such as sitting quietly in the corridor for five minutes, if they seem to be emotionally overreacting to a scenario or change in the classroom. This may assist the student absorb what has transpired and defuse the situation.
Setting Autistic Students Up for Success in the Workplace
The majority of autism research has been on younger children, such as how to help pupils when they enter kindergarten and primary school. Building infrastructure to help early children as they develop implies they are more likely to graduate from high school and college as happy, secure persons.
While early intervention is critical, many persons with autism are not diagnosed until they are adolescents or even adults. Those who are diagnosed later in life need a strong support network in order to develop specific life skills that they may lack. Many of these abilities are required to locate a job and conduct a successful interview.
High schools and universities may provide services to assist students with autism in their employment search. Instructors and counselors have the authority to:
- Examine the proper wardrobe for school, job, and everyday activities.
- Teach interviewing skills to your students. This is especially crucial since for persons with autism, interviews may be daunting or socially overwhelming.
- Work with each student on their particular needs to help them comprehend the job-search process. Because autism has such a broad range of demands, a tailored approach is necessary.
- Assist the student in learning to advocate for appropriate employment adjustments.
Resources for Educators & Parents
Teachers, school officials, and families of students with autism benefit when they understand how their brains operate and what they need to feel safe in scholastic and social contexts.
Working with autistic kids may benefit from the following resources:
The “autism show on netflix” is a documentary that follows three students on the spectrum as they navigate their way through college. The film provides insight into what it’s like to be on the spectrum, and how you can help your child succeed in school.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can autistic kids do well in academics?
A: Many autistic kids find that they have a greater affinity for learning in different ways. Some derive comfort from becoming immersed in tactile activities, while others may be better at focusing on reading rather than writing or speaking. However, this doesnt mean you cant make it work no matter what your strengths and weaknesses are as long as youre willing to do the work!
How do you succeed in school with autism?
A: Autism is a complex condition that can be hard to understand. However, there are many things you can do in order to succeed at school as an autistic person. Some of these include utilizing the built-in assistive features offered by your school and doing well academically in other ways like working on collaborative team projects or starting up clubs with friends outside of classes
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Janice is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She graduated from the University of British Columbia with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and Special Education. She also holds a Master of Science in Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) from Queen’s University, Belfast. She has worked with and case managed children and youth with autism and other intellectual and/or developmental disabilities in home and residential setting since 2013.