Autism comes in many different forms and is often mischaracterized. The most extreme form of autism, Asperger Syndrome, affects the development of social interaction skills. It can be hard for autistic people to learn new things like how to communicate with others or express themselves verbally because they may struggle with reading non-verbal cues from other people., If a person has high enough intelligence, this does not affect their ability to learn and understand concepts..
Autism can affect a child’s ability to learn, but it doesn’t mean they will never be able to. There are many ways that autism can affect learning. Read more in detail here: autism barriers to learning.
Even though ordinary or above-average intelligence is common in children with autism spectrum disorder, autism may nonetheless have a negative impact on learning in a number of ways. Others on the spectrum struggle academically and may have one or more learning impairments. Early treatments may be used to successfully address some of these learning issues. An IEP may be established for kids of school age to address academic deficiencies and identify classroom adjustments to guarantee success. While having a handicap like autism might hinder learning, it can also come with special talents and skills. It is crucial for individuals who instruct and deal with autistic children to be knowledgeable about the learning difficulties they encounter and the best ways to handle them. Although learning growth and classroom experiences may vary for persons with autism spectrum disorders, there are several practices that may be useful.
You may be wondering how autism affects academic performance. The following are subject-specific learning areas that autistic children may struggle with.
Deficits in Nonverbal Skills
People who struggle with verbal communication often make up for it through nonverbal communication. Unfortunately, certain autistic children who may have trouble with nonverbal communication may not have this choice. For a lot of people with autism, gestures and eye contact might be challenging. Nonverbal communication is extensive and includes, besides eye contact and gestures, anything from facial expressions to body language, movement, touch, space, and voice. In most cases, individuals don’t give nonverbal communication much thought while they go about their daily activities, although it plays a significant part in how well we interact with others.
Effective communication may be difficult when people have trouble deciphering nonverbal clues and knowing how to effectively give off their own. If the educational personnel does not know how to assist pupils who struggle with communication in a learning setting, the student will probably suffer even more.
Staff members in special education should get training on how to assist kids with communication issues. Along with a speech therapist, if necessary, they should also impart training in communication and social skills. It’s simple to teach these crucial skills in a pleasant and interesting manner by playing games and fostering social contact.
Even students with low nonverbal abilities may succeed in the classroom intellectually and socially. These abilities may also be cultivated, much as language development. Teachers should collaborate with parents, guardians, and other professionals to help students and children acquire these abilities at school, at home, and in the community.
A great tactic is to use visual tools or a visual timetable. Both youngsters who learn language normally and those who do not may benefit from their assistance.
Learn more about visual scheduling here.
In general, a lot of kids struggle to focus in class and sometimes lack attention. This is also true for autistic youngsters, who are known to have attention problems; ADD and ADHD are fairly frequent among autistic people. Autism-related students may find it challenging to concentrate on material that is outside of their area of interest, particularly if it is academically related. Focus tends to fade more rapidly than it does for typical students around subjects and pursuits that don’t interest autistic kids.
Due to the sensory difficulties that many children with autism experience, concentrating during a class or on a task may be made even more difficult. They are readily distracted by stimuli, such as the feel of their clothes, bright lights, music, and more, that hardly even register to persons who are not on the autism spectrum. When a kid with autism is attempting to concentrate on one activity, the sights, sounds, scents, and tactile sensations of a classroom might be overwhelming for them. The learning process can become challenging in noisy environments.
Autism-related children may be able to concentrate intensely on details but may not be able to step back and see the larger picture. With a youngster, this can seem as remembering the specifics of a shared narrative but not the story’s core theme. They could find it difficult to condense their own or others’ views. Putting information into a pattern to illustrate the material’s overall pattern is one method parents and educators may deal with this.
Other strategies for improving concentration in a classroom of autistic pupils include:
- Engage pupils with exciting activities and subjects
- Boost participation in educational activities
- Make use of repetition
- Give guidelines that are exact and brief.
- Reduce the number of distractions in the classroom.
- Use modeling techniques
- Set objectives and include reinforcement.
The ability to pay attention might be difficult for autistic kids. However, with time, parents, carers, and experts may assist kids with autism in improving their attention abilities. It is possible to improve attention and concentration in a classroom in a variety of ways. You may develop interventions by getting to know each kid better and learning what gets their attention wandering.
Disorders of Speech and Language
Speech and language deficits are one of the main ways autism affects learning. Problems with language development and speech delays are often the first sign that a child may have autism. There are multiple types of Disorders of Speech and Language that are categorized under expressive or receptive. Parents who notice signs of a speech and language disorder in their child can hire a speech-language pathologist to observe and assess. This entails observing how the child follows directions, listens, speaks, understands, and repeats phrases.
One of the most typical speech delays that shows up in what individuals say, how they say it, and when they say it falls under the expressive disorder group and is called a pragmatic speech delay. Children with autism who experience pragmatic delays may frequently speak out of turn and off-topic in class, be louder than is appropriate, obsess over particular words or phrases, find it difficult to express their ideas and opinions, struggle in cooperative learning situations, have poor conversational skills, and have trouble understanding idioms and metaphors. Many of these are linguistic abilities that are common to the general population, but kids with autism may struggle in these areas.
According to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, one of the best methods to deal with language development challenges is via intervention that considers a child’s interests. Also important is early intervention. Children with autism who are experiencing language problems may benefit from assistance from parents, caregivers, and professionals.
Delays in Development
Oftentimes, Delays in Development and autism go hand in hand. However, that is not to say that everyone who has autism also has a developmental delay. Likewise, one cannot say that someone with a developmental delay will have autism.
The types of Delays in Development include cognitive developmental delay, sensorimotor delay, socioemotional delay, and speech and language delay.
Generally, a developmental delay is noticed and then a diagnosis of autism is made. This is because signs and symptoms of a developmental delay are often caught early on. Babies and toddlers can show signs of Delays in Development, which parents, teachers, and physicians can easily identify. For instance, if a baby’s typical milestones are not being met, this is a sign of a possible developmental delay. Delays can affect memory, speech, coordination, logic, ability to do simple tasks independently, etc.
Expert Community Care Management claims that early action is crucial in both situations. It enables a youngster with a delay to perform at their best level in a developmental area. According to them, early intervention includes:
- Screening for Delays in Development.
- a therapeutic program that links a kid with a condition and their caretakers to professionals who can help.
- Monitoring a child’s development to make sure they get the greatest outcomes possible.
These are typically interventions that are already in place by the time a child with autism begins school. However, some children with autism are not diagnosed until later on. When students with autism have one or more Delays in Development, this can impact a variety of aspects related to school and learning. These students will likely receive speech therapy, physical therapy, and/or occupational therapy in the school setting. Teachers can work in coordination with other professionals and help their students be the most successful at school.
Children with autism may be highly focused and gifted in specific subjects, like arithmetic or music. However, a limited variety of interests might make it challenging to get them interested in other subjects of study.
These focused, strong interests might sometimes appear in monotonous play or movements. Children may find it difficult to comprehend that others do not share the intensity of their interests, and they may not be aware that their frequent queries or incessant talking about those hobbies is annoying other people.
However, it is possible to use these Specific Interests as a jumping-off point for a variety of learning opportunities. Children can research their particular interests and learn to manage how they communicate with others about them. This is also an opportunity to expand an autistic child’s “big picture” skills by placing the interest in its larger context.
To ensure that every student obtains a fair and suitable education, it is the duty of teachers, support workers, and other associated professionals. They must thus be informed about the many ways that autism might impact learning and development. This implies that teachers must be able to adapt and modify instruction at school to meet the requirements of each student. Approaching the issues these kids encounter requires a greater knowledge of how autism might impact learning. Numerous educational techniques that support students with autism spectrum disorder may also be beneficial for other kids.
Northeastern State University offers the Master of Education degree.
Disorders of Behavior and Learning | Georgia State University
January 2022 revision
Autism can affect a child in many ways. Some of these effects include difficulties with social skills, difficulty with communication, and difficulty with learning. Reference: what are the effects of autism on a child.
- autism and learning difficulties
- how autism affects daily life
- learning for autistic child
- the impact of autism in learning and development
- negative effects of autism
Janice is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She graduated from the University of British Columbia with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and Special Education. She also holds a Master of Science in Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) from Queen’s University, Belfast. She has worked with and case managed children and youth with autism and other intellectual and/or developmental disabilities in home and residential setting since 2013.